Malaria Risk and Travel Vaccine Information for Nigeria

Nigeria - Travel Overview

The malaria risk in Nigeria is high all throughout the year. This includes in urban areas and at all altitudes. It is therefore important that you and your fellow travellers are equipped with antimalarial medication and necessary precautions.

Located in West Africa and made up of 36 states, Nigeria has something to offer for everyone. From its captivating landscapes and resorts to its vibrant and cultured cities.

Wildlife: Nigeria is home to a diverse range of 4,700 species plants and animals, many exclusive to Nigeria, such as the drill monkey and Jos Plateau Indigo bird. Yankari Game Reserve, the country’s largest wildlife retreat offers numerous activities including admiring the country’s largest reserve of elephants and tropical forests. . 

Thrill seekers: Tarkwa Bay is the perfect destination for swimmer and water-sports enthusiasts. Hi-Impact Planet offers world class fun for all. 

City life: Nigeria is an incredibly diverse nation, home to over 250 different ethnic groups. Previously the country’s capital city, Lagos is the 6th largest city in the world, offering a variety of foods, an exhilarating nightlife, culture and much more! 

Nigeria - Malaria Risk

The malaria risk in Nigeria is high all throughout the year. This includes in urban areas and at all altitudes. It is therefore important that you and your fellow travellers are equipped with antimalarial medication and necessary precautions.

What malaria tablets should I use?

If you don’t have a prescription you can save precious time by using our online consultation service to order the suitable malaria medicines for this region by clicking the following links. 

The following antimalarial tablets are suitable when travelling to Nigeria:

› Atovaquone and Proguanil 250mg/100mg- Generic Alternative to Malarone

› Malarone Tablets 

› Malarone Children's Tablets (for Children under 40kg weight)

› Doxycycline Capsules

› Lariam Tablets (Mefloquine 250mg)

 

Your online consultation will be reviewed by a Pharmacist Independent Prescriber registered in the UK with the General Pharmaceutical Council. They will ensure the antimalarial medication is safe and effective for you. 

Vaccines Needed for Nigeria

Below is a table designed to show you what vaccines are mandatory, recommended or ones to consider when visiting India:

 

Cholera

Hepatitis A

Hepatitis B

Japanese Encephalitis

Meningitis

Rabies

Con

Rec

Con

          

Con 

Con

 

Tetanus

Tick Borne Encephalitis

 

Typhoid

 

Yellow Fever Vaccine

Rec

  

Rec

 

Man

 
Man = Mandatory
 
Con = Consider
 
Rec = Recommended
 
Req = Required if visiting from area with risk of transmission

Other Disease Risks in Nigeria

Dengue fever 

This is a viral illness which is also transmitted to humans by mosquito bites. The mosquito that spreads dengue bites during the day and is more common in urban areas. For more information see 

 

Zika Virus

Nigeria is categorised as having a risk of Zika virus transmission. ZIKV is again mainly spread through mosquito bites. The mosquito responsible most commonly bites during daylight hours and is abundant in urban settings. For more information see 

Prevention of these diseases is by bite avoidance both day and night.  We stock a wide range of high strength insect repellents perfect for tropical zones like Nigeria as well as mosquito nets.

Areas of High Altitude in Nigeria

There are regions of Nigeria above 2000m.  These can be found in Taraba State (2419m), Niger State (2359m), Borno State (2280m) and Adamawa State (2042m).  

Travel to high altitude can cause several conditions which include Acute Mountain Sickness (Altitude Sickness) and the more severe High Altitude Pulmonary Oedema (HAPE) and High Altitude Cerebral Oedema (HACE).

Symptoms of Acute Mountain Sickness include headache, fatigue, loss of appetite, nausea and sleep disturbance  Improvement will only occur by descending to lower altitudes.  Complications can occur for persisting with ascent that can lead to swelling around the brain or fluid collecting in the lungs.  Ultimately HAPE and HACE can prove fatal.  

Prevention is by slow ascent (no more than 500m per day once over 3000m) and by ensuring travel to high altitude areas from low altitude areas is not done in a single day. 

Travel Health Pro have an excellent resource for helping to determine a patients risk based on previous experience and elevation.  The information is available here  

Patients potentially at risk due to unavoidably rapid ascents, or those with previous experience of Acute Mountain Sickness may benefit from taking Acetazolamide (Diamox).  Travelpharm offer a free online consultation service should you wish to purchase this.  

Travellers Diarrhoea in Nigeria

Nigeria has a high prevalence of reported cases of travellers diarrhoea with an expected risk of suffering illness greater than 20%. It is important to ensure you observe strict hygiene and to be careful of what food and drink is being consumed.  We have a handy guide available in our travel blog and we also stock a large selection of medicines to help ease your symptoms in our stomach and bowel section.

How to order?

Travelpharm offer an Online Consultation service to make it simple and convenient for you to get hold of your anti malaria tablets without having to book a visit with your doctor. Our online consultation service means that we are able to ask you a number of questions during the ordering process, and when we receive your order it is reviewed by one of our pharmacists who will then dispense your items from our UK registered pharmacy.

How it works:

Ordering products with an online consultation service is simple:

1. Select Tablets

2. Complete Questions

3. Checkout

  1. When ordering a product that has the option for an online consultation, simply select the 'Online Consultation' option and click the 'Add to Basket' button.
  2. Next, you will be prompted to answer a series of medical questions that are related to that particular product, for example, the number of people requiring the tablets, your GP's information, the length of stay in the risk area, any medicine you are currently using and if you suffer from any other health issues. When you have answered the short questionnaire, your tablets will be added to the basket ready for you to checkout. 
  3. When we receive your order, our pharmacist reviews the information given in the consultation, and if we don't need to contact you for any more information, the item is dispensed from our UK registered pharmacy and sent out in the post to you. The item is sent out as requested during the order process, items sent 2nd class are sent free of charge, and will be with you in 3 - 5 working days.

 

Online Anti-Malaria Consultations:

If you are visiting a country that has risk of malaria, then it is important to take the necessary precautions so you do not pick up the disease when travelling.  There are a range of anti malaria tablets available, and the type of tablet you require will depend on factors such as the area you are visiting, the length of stay, your medical history and drugs you may already be taking. All our medicine are legallysourced and dispensed in the UK, our credentials can be checked against the General Pharmaceutical Councils register.

Travelpharm supply popular anti malaria tablets, such as Malarone, Maloff, Doxycycline, Lariam, Atovaquone & Proguanil, which are generic Malarone tablets. These tablets are designed to provide protection from malaria, however certain tablets are designed to be taken at different stages, the table below shows how and when the tablets should be take. Always read the product leaflet before taking any tablets:

 

 Malarone
(Atovaquone & Proguanil)
DoxycyclineLariam
 How often should tablets be taken? 1 tablet each day when in the risk area 1 tablet each day 
in risk area
 1 tablet each week 
 When should I start treatment? 2 days before entering 
the risk area
 2 days before entering the risk area 10 days before entering the risk area
 How often when leaving risk area? 7 days when leaving 
the risk area
 4 weeks after leaving the risk area 4 weeks after leaving the risk area

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